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Question 3#

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is associated with all of the following EXCEPT:

a. Increased morbidity and mortality
b. Pulmonary hypertension
c. Postthrombotic syndrome
d. No change in future risk of venous thromboembolism

Correct Answer is D


The incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is approximately 100 per 100,000 people per year in the general population, with 20% of the diagnoses made within 3 months of a surgical procedure. Of the symptomatic patients, one-third will present with pulmonary embolism (PE) and two-thirds with deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The estimated number of cases of VTE may well be over 600,000 per year in the United States, making it a major U.S. health problem. Furthermore, death occurs in 6% of DVT and 12% of PE cases within 1 month of diagnosis. Not only does VTE pose a veritable threat to life, but it also places patients at higher risk for recurrence and post-VTE sequelae such as pulmonary hypertension and postthrombotic syndrome, with 4% and up to 30% incidence, respectively.