Surgery>>>>>Ethics, Palliative Care, and Care at the End of Life
Question 1#

 Biomedical ethics is a system of analysis and deliberation which is intended to direct physicians and surgeons to moral "goodness" in patient care. It includes consideration of all of the following EXCEPT:

a. Autonomy: The patient's right to decide for himself/ herself what care will be provided
b. Beneficence: The concept that proposed treatments will benefit the patient
c. Nonmaleficence: The avoidance of treatments which may harm the patient
d. Equipoise: The lack of a preference for one treatment over another

Correct Answer is D


The patient and the doctor decide together what treatment is in the best interest of the patient, and share the benefits and the burdens of this joint decision making. The physician's role is to clarify the indications, risks, and benefits of the possible treatment courses; the patient's role is to decide what course to take.