Question 1#

Which of the following statements about normal breast anatomy is true?

a. The breast typically contains 10 lobes
b. Cooper ligaments are only found in the upper quadrants of the breast
c. The upper inner quadrant of the breast contains the most breast tissue
d. The tail of Spence extends across the anterior axillary fold

Correct Answer is C


The breast is composed of 15 to 20 lobes, which are each composed of several lobules. Fibrous bands of connective tissue travel through the breast (Cooper suspensory ligaments), insert perpendicularly into the dermis, and provide structural support. The mature female breast extends from the level of the second or third rib to the inframammary fold at the sixth or seventh rib. It extends transversely from the lateral border of the sternum to the anterior axillary line. The deep or posterior surface of the breast rests on the fascia of the pectoralis major, serratus anterior, and external oblique abdominal muscles, and the upper extent of the rectus sheath. The retromammary bursa may be identified on the posterior aspect of the breast between the investing fascia of the breast and the fascia of the pectoralis major muscles. The axillary tail of Spence extends laterally across the anterior axillary fold.