Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)

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Category: Urology--->Statistics, Research and Governance
Page: 2

Question 6#Print Question

In the same study as described in question 5, what are the odds of developing AUR in the placebo arm?

a. 0.30
b. 0.31
c. 0.32
d. 0.33
e. 0.34

Question 7#Print Question

Publication bias is best detected in a meta-analysis using which of the following graphical forms?

a. Funnel plot
b. Kaplan–Meier curve
c. Receiver operator characteristic curve
d. Forest plot
e. Histogram

Question 8#Print Question

Which of the following statements is INCORRECT when referring to a p-value?

a. Assesses the strength of evidence against the null hypothesis
b. Is the probability that the null hypothesis is true
c. A p-value less than 0.05 means that the 95% confidence interval does not contain the null value
d. The p-value does not indicate the size or importance of the observed effect
e. When interpreting the results of an analysis, the p-value should always be considered alongside the confidence interval

Question 9#Print Question

A Serious Incident does NOT need to be declared for investigation in which of the following instances?

a. Wrong site surgery
b. Allegation of abuse by a nurse
c. A computer server failure resulting in permanent loss of electronic patient records
d. A multiple trauma patient dying within 24 hours after emergency nephrectomy
e. A retained swab post-operation

Question 10#Print Question

This test is used to compare the medians of two groups of independent non-parametric numerical data

a. Spearman correlation
b. Mann–Whitney U test
c. Chi-square
d. T-test
e. Pearson correlation

Category: Urology--->Statistics, Research and Governance
Page: 2 of 2