Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)

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Category: Surgery--->Pediatric Surgery
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Question 1# Print Question

Operative management of a newborn with the chest X-ray shown in Fig. below

should occur:

A. Immediately after birth
B. Within 24 hours
C. Within 72 hours
D. None of the above

Question 2# Print Question

Which of the following is most consistent with pyloric stenosis?

A. Na l40 Cl 110 K 4.2 HCO3 26
B. Na 142 Cl 90 K 5.2 HCO3 39
C. Na 140 Cl 95 K 4.0 HCO3 18
D. Na 139 Cl 85 K 3.2 HCO3 36

Question 3# Print Question

An infant presents to the emergency room with bilious emesis and irritability. Physical examination is notable for abdominal tenderness and erythema of the abdominal wall. Abdominal X-ray demonstrates dilated proximal bowel with air-fluid levels. What is the most appropriate next step in management, after resuscitation?

A. Upper gastrointestinal series
B. Barium enema
C. Gastrostomy
D. Laparotomy

Question 4# Print Question

Which of the following statements regarding Hirschsprung disease is FALSE?

A. Constipation and abdominal distention are classic symptoms
B. Approximately 20% of cases are diagnosed beyond the newborn period
C. The underlying pathology is characterized by an absence of ganglion cells in Auerbach plexus
D. Decompressive ostomy should involve distal, nondilated bowel

Question 5# Print Question

The most common form of esophageal atresia (EA) is:

A. Pure EA (no fistula)
B. Pure TEF (no atresia)
C. EA with distal tracheoesophageal fistula
D. EA with proximal tracheoesophageal fistula

Category: Surgery--->Pediatric Surgery
Page: 1 of 4