In which country during the 3rd century BC was the first cleft lip repair performed?
China. The story of Wey Yong-Chi, the 18-year-old youth, whose lip was repaired by the Governor of Nanking’s physician, was recorded by Morse in 1934 and by Wu LT Wong in 1936.
First introduced in 1958, the widely accepted classification of clefts, which uses the incisive foramen as a reference point, was described by?
Kernahan. Des Kernahan devised a classification with Richard B. Stark and described it in 1958. The primary palate is anterior to the incisive foramen and the secondary palate behind it.
The 1561 book, Traites des Hernies, by Pierre Franco contains work on:
Clefts. Despite the title of the book, which does describe hernias, it is far reaching and covers many surgical subjects. Cleft lip repair is reported for the first time.
Which London surgeon used a skin graft introduced with a specially designed trocar to repair hypospadias?
McIndoe. Sir Archibald McIndoe used a skin graft passed through the penile shaft using a trocar, but the method had problems. Even if the graft survived, it contracted and stenosed. He had better luck with a similar technique for vaginal reconstruction, about which he delivered the Hunterian Oration - entitled: “Inlay grafting with special reference to obliterative conditions of the vagina”, at The Royal College of Surgeons of England in 1940.
The following statements concerning the history of plastic surgery are true except:
Sir Harold Gillies described the full thickness skin graft. This statement is incorrect.
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