Which surgeon conducted a very public argument with Roux about which of them was first to repair a cleft soft palate?
von Graefe. The two surgeons argued over who was the first to repair the cleft palate so vigorously that it became an issue of national honour. von Graefe presented his achievement in a brief paper to the Medical Society of Berlin and this was reported in a little known local publication with a small circulation in 1816. His main publication appeared in 1817. Believing sincerely that he had been the first, Roux reported the details of a similar operation in 1819.
The following individuals are famous for their contributions to the practice of nasal reconstruction except:
Whose name is associated with the use of small chips of bone graft sometimes used to fill cavities in bone?
Phemister. Dallas B. Phemister published his paper on the fate of transplanted bone in 1914 and it appeared to resolve the debate about whether or not it was necessary to include periosteum. He showed that many small pieces of bone alone survived better and produced more bone than a single large piece due to improved vascularisation.
Who first described the latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap?
Iginio Tansini in 1896. The latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap procedure was firstly described by the Italian pioneer surgeon Iginio Tansini (1855- 1943) in 1896. The flap procedure was combined with a radical mastectomy and was used to close the chest wall defect. The radical mastectomy was developed and first performed by William Stewart Halsted (1852-1922) in 1882.
Lumniczer Sandor (1821-1892) published a dissertation on plastic surgery in Hungarian in 1844 (first Hungarian plastic surgery book). Jules-Emile Péan (1830-1898), leader French surgeon of the era, performed a shoulder reconstruction using total joint arthroplasty in 1893. Alexis Carrel (1873-1944) was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1912 for new techniques in vascular sutures and pioneering work in transplantology and thoracic surgery.
Which one of the following is true regarding fundamental experimental microsurgical procedures?
Sun Lee’s portocaval shunt operation in the rat was the first published procedure initiating the development of experimental microsurgery. The end-to-side portocaval shunt was perfected in the rat by Dr. Sun Lee (Sil Heung Lee) in 1958, published in 1961. It was the beginning of experimental microsurgery and opened the way to perform various organ and tissue transplantation procedures in rats and mice using advanced microsurgical techniques. Dr. Bernard Fisher (University of Pittsburg, USA) said in his book: “Do you know what you have done just now? You have opened an avenue to conduct allied physiological research, transplantation investigation…” Later Sun Lee developed and refined rat pancreatico-duodenum, liver, stomach, spleen, and heart-lung transplants.
© 2010-2030 Your Doctor - Dr.Khalil Al-Yousifi - Kuwait - Contact Us