Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)

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Category: Urology--->Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)
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Question 6# Print Question

For urinary catheters and UTI the following are false, EXCEPT:

A. 1%–2% of ambulatory patients develop UTI after single catheterisation
B. Open drainage indwelling catheter results in bacteriuria in 100% cases in 3–5 days
C. Biofilm develops in between catheter and the urethral mucosa
D. Up to 50% of patients catheterised for more than 28 days will suffer from catheter encrustation and blockade
E. Antibiotic prophylaxis decreases the rate of bacteriuria in patients on intermittent catheterisation

Question 7# Print Question

Regarding UTI and immunoactive prophylaxis all the following are true, EXCEPT:

A. OM-89 can be recommended for female patients with recurrent UTI
B. Intravaginal probiotics restore vaginal lactobacilli
C. Probiotics containing L. rhamnosus GR-1 and L. reuteri RC-14 can prevent recurrent UTI
D. Proanthocyanidin is the active ingredient in probiotics
E. Probiotics prevent bacterial vaginosis

Question 8# Print Question

The following factors suggest a complicated UTI, EXCEPT:

A. Vesicoureteric reflux
B. Radiation exposure to urothelium
C. Bladder stone
D. Older than 60 years
E. Presence of nephrostomy

Question 9# Print Question

The following are true for Escherichia coli (E. coli) uropathogenesis, EXCEPT:

A. Represents 80% of uncomplicated UTI
B. The virulence factors include adhesins and toxins
C. Non-urea-splitting pathogen
D. The endotoxins can precipitate systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS)
E. Endotoxins are recognised by receptors in cell cytoplasm

Question 10# Print Question

Following are urea-splitting uropathogen, EXCEPT:

A. Proteus
B. Klebsiella
C. Pseudomonas
D. Ureaplasma urealyticum
E. Clostridium difficile

Category: Urology--->Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)
Page: 2 of 2