Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)

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Category: Emergency Medicine--->Urological Emergencies
Page: 3

Question 11# Print Question

Urine dipstick testing is frequently used in the ED. Which ONE of the following statements is INCORRECT?

A. The presence of nitrites on a urine dipstick is highly sensitive for diagnosis of a urinary tract infection (UTI)
B. A negative urinalysis test on a bag urine sample in a paediatric patient is sufficient to exclude a UTI
C. Urine dipstick tests in the ED frequently give false positive or false negative readings
D. Urine dipstick is an adequate test to exclude UTI

Question 12# Print Question

Regarding haematuria, which ONE of the following statements is TRUE?

A. The most common cause of macroscopic haematuria in a male patient is urothelial carcinoma of the bladder
B. Causes include benign prostatic hypertrophy, toxaemia of pregnancy, serum sickness, sickle cell disease and exercise
C. It is present in up to 70% of those patients with urolithiasis
D. Large clots suggest an upper renal tract cause

Question 13# Print Question

Regarding Fourniers’s gangrene, which ONE of the following statements is TRUE?

A. It is a polymicrobial necrotizing infection confined to the scrotal skin that originates from the skin
B. It may slowly progress to involve the buttocks and thighs
C. Hyperbaric oxygen is an adjunctive treatment
D. The antibiotic of choice is IV metronidazole

Question 14# Print Question

Regarding diagnosis and treatment of genital infections, which ONE of the following statements is CORRECT?

A. A 22-year-old male with dysuria, purulent urethral discharge and frequency should be treated with 500 mg IM ceftriaxone
B. The presence of clue cells on a wet mount preperation of vaginal/urethral discharge is suggestive of a trichomonas infection
C. Painful vesiculopustular lesions on the perineum should be treated with metronidazole
D. Symptoms of a UTI with perineal pain and tender prostate in a 37-year-old man should be treated with nitrofurantoin

Question 15# Print Question

Complications of a ureteric stent include all of the following EXCEPT:

A. Haematuria
B. Urinary obstruction
C. Hydronephrosis
D. Low-grade pyrexia

Category: Emergency Medicine--->Urological Emergencies
Page: 3 of 3